How does Black Wonder 5000 Compost and Soil Builder help plants grow?
Black Wonder 5000 contains organic compost, natural fertilizers, soil enzymes, humic and fulvic acids, polymers, beneficial root fungi, soil bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, vermiculite, and gypsum to build topsoil.
These ingredients provide plant food, make plant food, store plant food and water, improve soil drainage and structure, improve soil fertility, improve drought resistance, reduce stress, and increase plant vigor.
With abundant food, water, and soil volume plant growth reaches full potential.
Black Wonder 5000 Soil Building blocks:
A. Organic Compost. Compost is the backbone of Black Wonder 5000. Barnyard manures and composted sawdust contain the plant foods: Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Phosphate and minor foods necessary for healthy plant growth.
Compost fertilizes soil and feeds plants. Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Phosphate and ‘trace soil elements’ in compost give plants balanced nutrition. The variety of fertilizers allows plants to grow without getting hungry, experiencing drought stress, and slowing down.
Compost aerates and builds soil. Plant roots need oxygen to grow. Compost clumps small soil particles together-aggregate- to form larger particles. Larger soil particles allow water and air to move through the soil quickly, increasing soil volume available for plant growth. Large compost particles ‘open up’ the soil, increasing soil oxygen, allowing roots to penetrate deeper and get access to more food and water. Greater soil volume produces larger plants.
Compost absorbs water. By storing and holding water during droughts, compost increases the volume of water available for plant growth. Plants don’t get thirsty.
Compost feeds earthworms, soil insects, bacteria, and fungi. These organisms provide additional plant food and improve soil structure.
B. SOIL ENZYMES. Enzymes are catalysts which create faster chemical reactions. Enzymes speed up chemical reactions-but remain unchanged. Soil enzymes recycle themselves over and over again. Soil enzymes break down soil organic matter to make plant food. Enzymes speed up chemical reactions to break down organic matter quicker. Soil enzymes quickly break down soil minerals and organic matter and make plant food. More food makes plants grow faster.
C. HUMIC ACIDS Humic acids cling to plant roots, make food, help roots absorb water and food, dramatically increasing yields and growth. ‘Humic acids’ are composed of humic and fulvic acids. Humic acid: a dark-brown organic substance that is soluble in water and heavier than fulvic acid. Fulvic acid: a yellow to yellow-brown organic substance that is lightweight and soluble in water.
Adding a small amount of humic acid to soil produces results. Humic acids especially benefit sandy soils. Sand with a low cation exchange capacity (CEC) cannot hold nutrients, so plant foods can leach deep into the soil and become unavailable to plant roots. Humic acids hold Magnesium, Calcium, Iron, and trace elements.
Sandy soils are also unable to hold onto water during drought. Humic acids help sandy soils retain water and reduce evaporation. Humic acids feed soil bacteria and provide shelter to beneficial microbes.
Humic acids are large molecules which bond to soil particles, loosen clay soil, and improve soil structure.
D. POLYMERS. “Super spongy” man-made polymers absorb as much as 150 times their weight in water when mixed with soil or a potting media. Polymers store water for plants to absorb.
A polymer is a compound consisting of “repeating structural units.” Soil polymers look like a group of packing boxes joined to form a Rubik’s cube of water tanks. Polymers swell up and store water until the plant’s roots take it out. Roots find the polymer particles and grow into them. Polymers are tiny water sponges. Plant foods trapped in water are held by the sponges until plants are ready to eat or drink. Moist soil helps plants grow bigger and avoid drought stress. Moist seeds germinate quickly and evenly. As the polymers expand and contract, soil is loosened and aerated. Sponges hold water so you water less. Consistent soil moisture helps plants establish more rapidly. Polymers absorb nutrients so fertilizer is needed less often.
E. ROOT FUNGI Mycorrhizae are natural fungi that establish a partnership with roots. Fungi enter and wrap around the roots of vegetables, flowers, shrubs, and trees. The fungi send out filaments-hyphae-as much as 200 times farther into the soil than the plant’s roots. Mycorrhiza harvest this additional area for water and food and carry them back to the roots. The plant feeds the fungus with glucose.
Approximately 90% of all plants associate with mycorrhizal fungi.
Mycorrhizal fungi include: Ectomycorrhizal fungi which wrap around root cells and: Endomycorrhizal fungi that enter plant roots. Tiny fungal hyphae weave among soil particles through cracks and crannies too small for the tiniest root hair. The fungal spiderweb becomes an expanded root system with a soil volume from hundreds to thousands of times greater the plant could reach alone. Plants have better drought resistance and are more fruitful.
F. SOIL BACTERIA Plants in the legume family, like clovers, soybeans, alfalfa, lupines, peanuts absorb, or ‘fix’ nitrogen from the air. Legumes contain bacteria called rhizobia in root nodules. These rhizobia bacteria produce nitrogen to feed the plant. When legumes die, nitrogen is released, fertilizes the soil, and becomes available to other plants.
Legumes must be inoculated with bacteria of the Rhizobium species to produce nitrogen. Proper inoculation vastly improves the growth and vigor of legumes. Black Wonder 5000 contains these beneficial bacteria.
G. VERMICULITE Vermiculite is a natural soil mineral which looks like mica. When processed with extreme heat, vermiculite expands ‘popcorn fashion’ into accordion-like pellets with many thin sheets and a huge surface area. Water and nutrients are held on the surfaces of the flat plates, available for plant use. Horticultural vermiculite is lightweight, does not rot, is non-toxic, and has a neutral pH. Vermiculite improves soil drainage, aeration, and water retention, resulting in healthier, more robust plants with better root systems.
H. GYPSUM Gypsum-or calcium sulfate-is a calcium source for growing plants, particularly important to tomatoes. Some clay soils in the Southeast United States require additional calcium to improve the balance between the elements Calcium and Magnesium. In the short term, addition of gypsum temporarily improves soil drainage.
SUMMARY Black Wonder 5000 contains organic compost, natural fertilizers, soil enzymes, humic and fulvic acids, polymers, root fungi, soil bacteria, vermiculite, and gypsum.
Black Wonder 5000 builds topsoil by:
providing a variety of plant foods;
building plant food from soil compounds;
storing plant foods and water for plants to use;
creating an efficient root spiderweb to utilize a larger soil volume;
improving soil drainage and structure;
improving soil fertility;
improving drought resistance.
The synergy created by these effects reduce plant stress and increase plant vigor.
With abundant food and water, an energized and expanded root system, and a greater soil volume plant growth reaches full potential.