PART 1 – SEEDING

  • 1. PROJECT Utilities, grading, drainage verified
    • A. Utilities: determine location of and avoid damage to above grade and underground utilities. Contact ULOCO and poject manger before beginning work.
    • B. Grades and Drainage: Verify that fine grading is completed and that no poorly drained areas exist. Coordinate with project manager.
  • 2. MATERIALS
  • 2.1 SOIL AMENDMENTS
    • A. Agricultural dolomitic limestone: Containing a minimum 80 percent calcium carbonate equivalent, free of lumps. Apply as directed by soil test. B. Black Wonder 5000 Soil Builder. Certified , bagged composted barnyard manures fortified with enzymes, humic acids, natural polmers, gypsum, inoculating nitrogen fixing bacteria for legumes, beneficial root fungi, and vermiculite. Rate: 180 [1.5cf] bags/10 cubic yards per acre.
  • 2.2. FERTILIZER
    • A. Slow-Release Fertilizer: Granular 18/18/18 fertilizer consisting of 18 percent nitrogen. [50 percent water-insoluble nitrogen, 50 percent water soluble nitrogen], 18 percent phosphorus, and 18 percent potassium, by weight. Apply 500# per acre.
  • 2.3. PAPER HYDRO MULCH: In manufactures unopened, dry packages.
  • 2.4. EROSION-CONTROL BLANKETS: Biodegradable straw, wood excelsior, coconut-fiber [or combination] enclosed in a photodegradable plastic mesh, including manufacture’s steel wire staples 6″ long, as specified by engineer.
  • 3. SOIL PREPATIONS FOR SEEDED AREAS:
    • A. Prepare subgrades for areas to be planted. Minimum grade at 2% with no standing water.
    • B. Apply Black Wonder 5000 Soil Builder, lime, and fertilizer evenly onto fine graded areas. Plow or till into the top 6 inches of soil. Till soil to a homogenous fine texture. Regrade for proper drainage.
    • C. Fine grade to a smooth, even surface with a loose fine texture. Rake, remove ridges, and fill depressions to meet finish grades. Limit fine grading to areas that can be planted in 24 hours. Remove trash, debris, stones larger than a golf ball and other objects that may interfere with planting or mowing.
  • 4. SEEDING PREPARED AREAS accessible by equipment:
    • A. Sow seed with a Spreader (SidesSpreader.com) Do not broadcast or drop seed when wend velocity exceeds 5 mph. Evenly distribute seed by the sowing equal quantities in 2 directions at right angles to each other. Firm seed into the seedbed with a cultipacker. (Sides Cultipacker)
    • B. protect flat or mildly sloped seeded areas against erosion by spreading straw mulch after seeding. Spread uniformly to form a continuous blanket 1 inch loose depth over seeded areas. Spread by hand or blower.
    • C. IMMEDIATELY anchor straw mulch by hydro mulch tacking the straw to prevent blowing or washing using: [10] 50# bags paper hydro mulch and [10] bags [1.5cf] Black Wonder 5000 per acre. Do not damage or stain structures or vehicles near mulched areas. Immediately clean damaged or stained areas.
  • 4.1 SEEDING AREAS NOT ACCESSIBLE BY EQUIPMENT
    • A. Areas that cannot be accessed with tillage equipment may be hydro seeded using the same materials specified above, then straw and tack or cover with erosion blankets.
    • B. Protect seeded slopes 3:1 or steeper against erosion by installing and stapling erosion control blankets according to manufactures recommendations AS DIRECTED BY ENGINEERING DRAWINGS.
    • C. Restore prepared areas if eroded or disturbed after fine grading and before planting. Immediately clean damaged or stained areas.
  • 5. LAWN MAINTENANCE
    • A. Begin maintenance of lawns immediately following seeding and continue until lawn is established.
    • B. Maintain and establish lawns by watering, fertilizing, weeding, mowing trimming, and replanting. Regrade and replant bare or eroded areas and re straw bare areas to produce a uniformly smooth lawn. Heavy eroded areas will require matting.
    • C. Lawns need at least 1 inch of water per week.D. Mow lawns when 6″ of new growth is present. Cut with mower set at 4.5″ height. Mow as required to maintain 4.5″ height. Do not delay mowing until grass blades bend over and become matted. Do not mow when grass is wet. Blow or spread any clumped grass.

Lawn Seeding Schedule for Piedmont NC

April 21 – August 14

  • Tall Fescue 200#/acre
  • German Millet 3#/acre as summer cover crop

NOTE: Above is out of season for cool season grasses.

Better Summer Option #2

April 21 – August 14

August 15 – April 20

  • Bermuda Grass 20# acre
  • Centipede 4#/acre
  • German Millet as cover crop #3/acre
  • Tall Fescue 150#/acre
  • Hard Fescue 50#/acre
  • Heat Tolerant Bluegrass 15#/acre
  • Rye Grain as cover crop 10#/acre

NOTE : From November 1 – March 1 add additional 25# Rey Grain as winter cover crop.

NOTE: Mountain counties change dates by 2 weeks plus or minus and include Tall Fescue year round.


Erosion Control Seeding Schedule for Piedmont NC

Slopes, Silt Ponds, Natural Low Maintenance areas

April 21 – August 14

August 15 – April 20

  • Tall Fescue 50#/acre
  • Serica Lespediza Inoculated 8#/acre
  • Bermuda 10#/acre
  • Bahia 10#/acre
  • Weeping Love Grass 5#/acre
  • German Millet as cover crop 13#/acre
  • Tall Fescue 100#/acre
  • Winter Peas inoculated 12#/acre
  • Serica Lespediza Inoculated 8#/acre
  • Kobe/Korean Lespediza Inoculated 10#/acre
  • Clover Inoculated 10#/acre
  • Bahia 5#/acre
  • Rye Grain 75#/acre

From November 1 – March 1: Add 50# of additional Rye Grain as winter cover crop

NOTE: Mountain counties change dates by 2 weeks plus or minus and add more tall fescue

NOTE: Incorporating Black Wonder 5000 into soil will inoculate all legumes


Lawn Seeding Schedule for Costal & Warm Climates

April 6 – September 6

September 7 – April 5

  • Bermuda 20#/acre
  • Centipede 6#/acre
  • German Millet 3#/acre as summer cover crop
  • Tall Fescue 150#/acre
  • Unhulled Bermuda 25#/acre
  • Centipede 8#/acre
  • Rye Grain as cover crop 15#/acre

Erosion Control Seeding Schedule for Costal & Warm Climates

April 6 – September 6

September 7 – April 5

  • Centipede 3#/acre
  • Kobe/Korean Lespediza Incoulated 15#/acre
  • Bermuda 15#/acre
  • Bahia 15#/acre
  • Weeping Love Grass 5#/acre
  • German Millet 13#/acre as cover crop
  • Tall Fescue 50#/acre
  • Winter Peas Inoculated 15#/acre
  • Red/White Clover Incoulated 10#/acre
  • Kobe/Korean Lespediza Incoulated 15#/acre
  • Centipede Grass 3#/acre
  • Bahia 15#/acre
  • Unhulled Bermuda 15#/acre
  • Rye Grain 75#/acre as cover crop

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